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Come over to the Dark Side

No not that Dark Side, we are talking about the dark side of fracking. Even though fracking has been proven safe, there still are some side effects. Some are more harmful than others. I am going to focus on one particular dark side of fracking. The effect it has on drinking water.

 

This very well might be the darkest side, because it has happened and a lot. There have been over 1,000 documented cases of water contamination next to areas of gas drilling as well as cases of sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage due to ingested contaminated water.

 

Here are some numbers about fracking and its water use.

 

  • 40,000: gallons of chemicals used for each fracturing site

  • 8 million: number of gallons of water used per fracking

  • 600: number of chemicals used in the fracking fluid, including known carcinogens and toxins such as lead, benzene, uranium, radium, methanol, mercury, hydrochloric acid, ethylene glycol and formaldehyde

  • 10,000: number of feet into the ground that the fracking fluid is injected through a drilled pipeline

  • 1.1 million: number of active gas wells in the United States

  • 72 trillion: gallons of water needed to run current gas wells

  • 360 billion: gallons of chemicals needed to run current gas wells

  • 300,000: number of barrel of natural gas produced a day from fracking

 

Here are some facts about the effects it has on the water it uses.

 

  • More than 90 percent of the water used in fracking wells never returns to the surface.

  • The waste fluid is left in open air pits to evaporate, releasing harmful VOC’s (volatile organic compounds) into the atmosphere, creating contaminated air, acid rain, and ground level ozone

  • Only 30-50% of the fracturing fluid is recovered, the rest of the toxic fluid is left in the ground and is not biodegradable.

  • Methane concentrations are 17x higher in drinking-water wells near fracturing sites than in normal wells.

  • 72 trillion gallons of water and 360 billion gallons of chemicals needed to run our current gas wells.

 

So there are the facts, while fracking may be safe, it seems like the water it is producing still is not. Let us know what your take is on the subject. Have you been affected by fracking water or do you know of places who are taking steps to fix this problem? Let us know by commenting below.

 

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